Beyond the Wave: Green Parties in Europe

With climate strikers flooding the streets and Europe’s Green parties rising in the polls in 2019, the idea of a political “Green wave” became commonplace. The trend is stronger in north-western Europe, but similar movements are emerging all across Europe.

But waves are transitory. What if the rise of Green parties signals a much deeper shift? What if their growth is the most explicit sign that ecological issues are an increasingly important political fault line?

In this series of interviews with Green politicians from different countries, we asked: how do their movements relate to the political contexts and societies they operate in? What role do Greens play in the wider political landscape? How is Green politics evolving as it aspires to power? Beyond green issues as narrowly understood, what future do Green parties want for European societies?

Green parties are but one part of the much broader movement and current of thought that is political ecology. To delve deeper, we recommend reading our “worlds of political ecology” print edition as well as exploring our rich online archive.

Articles in this focus

Breaking Out of the Box: The Challenge for Irish Greens in Government

How can the Irish Greens maintain connections with grassroots activists outside of party politics whilst in government?

EN
Read more
Greens in France Must Build a Narrative For the Past, Present, and Future

Green MEP David Cormand explains how the Greens can challenge the neoliberal and far-right duopoly in the French presidential elections of 2022.

ENFR
Read more
The Radical Centre: German Greens Won’t Sit at the Fringes

The Greens were in the spotlight ahead of the German federal election. What were the key issues shaping public debate and where does the party stand?

ENFR
Read more
“The Most Challenging Term Since 1989”: Uphill Struggle for the Polish Greens

Green MP Urszula Zielinska discusses issues shaping political debate in Poland and the prospect of the 2023 elections.

EN
Read more
UK Local Elections: Green Gains Explained

Greens in the UK have made significant breakthroughs at the local level. Where has this success come from and where might it lead?

EN
Read more
“Green Policies Are About Our Entire Way of Life”

Spanish MP Inés Sabanés on the country’s unstable politics and the need to re-politicise everyday life.

ENES
Read more
Politics from a Global Perspective: Finnish Greens in Power

MEP Alviina Alametsä explains what the results of June 2021 local elections mean for Finnish politics and the country’s place in Europe.

EN
Read more
Two Sides of the Same Coin: GroenLinks Needs Allies in the Fight for Climate and Social Justice

After a difficult year in 2021, the Dutch Greens are looking to the battles that lie ahead.

EN
Read more
Navigating the Culture Wars on Europe’s Borders

We spoke with MP Tomas Tomilinas who explained the issues driving politics in Lithuania today.

ENFR
Read more
Peer Pressure: The Forces Steering Portugal Down a Greener Path

Inês de Sousa Real explains how unemployment, corruption, and short-sighted policies are holding Portugal back from a greener future.

EN
Read more
Investing in the Climate: The Austrian Greens in Coalition

MP Sigrid Maurer explains the realities of being in coalition with the Conservatives and what lies ahead for the Austrian Green Party.

EN
Read more
Czech Greens: Campaigning to Win the Argument

As the October 2021 elections loomed, we asked Green party co-chair Michal Berg how the Greens hope to shape the debate.

EN
Read more
The Czech Pirates: Banking on Europe

Following an impressive rise in recent years, the Czech Pirate Party became one of the main contenders in the country’s 2021 national elections.

EN
Read more
“Everything is Changing in Politics Right Now”: Green Politics in Denmark

We met with Pia Olsen, the leader of the Socialist People’s Party, to discuss the party’s growing support, climate policy, and Denmark’s relationship with Europe.

EN
Read more
“The Electoral Cycle is Too Short for Real Political Change”

We asked Mohssin El Ghabri how ECOLO is navigating the current Belgian context and the party’s political ambitions.

ENFR
Read more

Cookies on our website allow us to deliver better content by enhancing our understanding of what pages are visited. Data from cookies is stored anonymously and only shared with analytics partners in an anonymised form.

Find out more about our use of cookies in our privacy policy.