26.05.2021
Referendums in the UK: Caveat Emptor

The UK’s mixed experience with referendums reflects the variety of situations in which they are applied – with far-reaching consequences.

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26.05.2021
Malta: Referendums under a Postcolonial Shadow

The national debates that accompany referendums in Malta are strongly shaped by the country’s enduring bipartisan political landscape.

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26.05.2021
Switzerland: Referendums in an Incomparable Young Democracy

Switzerland is often hailed as a model of direct democracy. But these processes may prove difficult to replicate elsewhere for many reasons.

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26.05.2021
Referendums in Romania: A Route to Political Capital

Referendums in Romania have been instrumentalised by various political actors as strategies to increase legitimacy and popularity.

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26.05.2021
Referendums in Italy: Direct Democracy under Controlled Conditions

Designed to safeguard against a return of authoritarianism, the Italian constitutional framework leaves little space for direct democracy – yet referendums are not uncommon in the country.

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26.05.2021
Referendums in Ireland: Taking Care of the Constitution

Ireland’s model of amending the constitution through a national debate among the people provides an important route to progress

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26.05.2021
Referendums in Hungary: Confirmation Bias

The Hungarian government’s use of referendums shows how direct democracy can be used to lend a veneer of legitimacy to a party’s own policy agenda.

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26.05.2021
Indirect Democracy: Referendums in Europe

Rather than judging referendums as positive or negative, we should examine their distinctive political features and contexts.

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11.12.2018
From Corsica to Scotland: Autonomy in Europe as the Progressive Alternative

In overlooked parts of Europe, nationalism or regionalism is the basis for a progressive politics looking beyond the status quo.

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